STATE OF NEW YORK
ARTICLE 18B
EQUINE ACTIVITY SAFETY CODE
SECTION 18301. SHORT TITLE.
18302. DEFINITIONS.
18303. LIABILITY OF PERSONS INVOLVED IN EQUINE ACTIVITIES.
18304. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY.
18305. POSTING AND NOTIFICATION.
S 18301. SHORT TITLE. THIS ARTICLE SHALL BE KNOWN AND MAY BE CITED AS THE “EQUINE ACTIVITY SAFETY CODE ACT”.
S 18302. DEFINITIONS. FOR THE PURPOSES OF THIS ARTICLE, THE FOLLOW ING WORDS OR PHRASES SHALL BE DEFINED AS FOLLOWS:
1. “ENGAGES IN AN EQUINE ACTIVITY” MEANS RIDING, TRAINING, ASSISTING IN THE VETERINARY TREATMENT OF, DRIVING OR BEING A PASSENGER UPON AN EQUINE, WHETHER MOUNTED OR UNMOUNTED, OR VISITING OR TOURING OR UTILIZ ING AN EQUINE FACILITY AS PART OF AN ORGANIZED EVENT OR ACTIVITY, OR ANY PERSON ASSISTING A PARTICIPANT OR SHOW MANAGEMENT. THE TERM “ENGAGES IN AN EQUINE ACTIVITY” SHALL NOT INCLUDE BEING A SPECTATOR AT AN EQUINE ACTIVITY, EXCEPT IN CASES WHERE THE SPECTATOR PLACES HIMSELF OR HERSELF IN AN UNAUTHORIZED AREA OR IN IMMEDIATE PROXIMITY TO THE EQUINE ACTIVITY.
2. “EQUINE” MEANS A HORSE, PONY, MULE OR DONKEY.
3. “EQUINE ACTIVITY” MEANS:
(A) EQUINE SHOWS, FAIRS, COMPETITIONS, PERFORMANCES OR PARADES THAT INVOLVE ANY OR ALL BREEDS OF EQUINES AND ANY OF THE EQUINE DISCIPLINES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO DRESSAGE, HUNTER AND JUMPER HORSE SHOWS, GRAND PRIX JUMPING, THREEDAY EVENTS, COMBINED TRAINING, RODEOS, RIDING, DRIVING, PULLING, CUTTING, POLO, STEEPLECHASING, ENGLISH AND WESTERN PERFORMANCE RIDING, ENDURANCE TRAIL RIDING, GYMKHANA GAMES, AND HUNTING.
(B) EQUINE TRAINING OR TEACHING ACTIVITIES OR BOTH;
(C) THE BOARDING OF EQUINES, INCLUDING NORMAL DAILY CARE THEREOF;
(D) RIDING, INSPECTING OR EVALUATING OF AN EQUINE BELONGING TO ANOTHER BY A PURCHASER OR AGENT, WHETHER OR NOT THE OWNER HAS RECEIVED SOME MONETARY CONSIDERATION OR OTHER THING OF VALUE FOR THE USE OF THE EQUINE OR IS PERMITTING A PROSPECTIVE PURCHASER OF THE EQUINE TO RIDE, INSPECT OR EVALUATE THE EQUINE;
(E) RIDES, TRIPS, HUNTS OR OTHER EQUINE ACTIVITIES OF ANY TYPE HOWEVER INFORMAL OR IMPROMPTU THAT ARE SPONSORED BY AN EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR;
(F) PLACING OR REPLACING HORSESHOES OR HOOF TRIMMING ON AN EQUINE; OR
(G) PROVIDING OR ASSISTING IN VETERINARY TREATMENT OF AN EQUINE.
4. “EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR” MEANS AN INDIVIDUAL, GROUP, CLUB, PART NERSHIP, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR CORPORATION, WHETHER OR NOT THE SPONSOR IS OPERATING FOR PROFIT OR NOTFORPROFIT, WHICH SPONSORS, ORGANIZES OR PROVIDES THE FACILITIES FOR AN EQUINE ACTIVITY, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO: PONY CLUBS, 4H CLUBS, HUNT CLUBS, RIDING CLUBS, SCHOOL AND COLLEGESPONSORED CLASSES, PROGRAMS AND ACTIVITIES, THERAPEU TIC RIDING PROGRAMS, STABLE AND FARM OWNERS AND OPERATORS, INSTRUCTORS, AND PROMOTERS OF EQUINE FACILITIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO FARMS, STABLES, CLUBHOUSES, PONY RIDE STRINGS, FAIRS AND ARENAS AT WHICH THE ACTIVITY IS HELD.
5. “EQUINE PROFESSIONAL” MEANS A PERSON ENGAGED FOR COMPENSATION:
(A) IN INSTRUCTING A PARTICIPANT OR RENTING TO A PARTICIPANT AN EQUINE FOR THE PURPOSE OF RIDING, DRIVING OR BEING A PASSENGER UPON THE EQUINE;
S. 3831 3

(B) IN RENTING EQUIPMENT OR TACK TO A PARTICIPANT;
(C) TO PROVIDE DAILY CARE OF HORSES BOARDED AT AN EQUINE FACILITY; OR
(D) TO TRAIN AN EQUINE.
6. “INHERENT RISKS OF EQUINE ACTIVITIES” MEANS THOSE DANGERS OR CONDI TIONS WHICH ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF EQUINE ACTIVITIES, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO:
(A) THE PROPENSITY OF EQUINES TO BEHAVE IN WAYS THAT MAY RESULT IN INJURY, HARM OR DEATH TO PERSONS ON OR AROUND THEM;
(B) THE UNPREDICTABILITY OF AN EQUINE’S REACTION TO SUCH THINGS AS SOUNDS, SUDDEN MOVEMENT, AND UNFAMILIAR OBJECTS, PERSONS OR OTHER ANIMALS;
(C) CERTAIN HAZARDS SUCH AS SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE CONDITIONS INCLUD ING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ROCKS, FOREST GROWTH, DEBRIS, BRANCHES, TREES, ROOTS, STUMPS OR OTHER NATURAL OBJECTS;
(D) COLLISIONS WITH OTHER EQUINES OR OBJECTS; AND
(E) THE POTENTIAL OF A PARTICIPANT TO ACT IN A NEGLIGENT MANNER THAT MAY CONTRIBUTE TO INJURY TO THE PARTICIPANT OR OTHERS, SUCH AS FAILING TO MAINTAIN CONTROL OVER THE ANIMAL OR NOT ACTING WITHIN HIS OR HER ABILITY.
7. “PARTICIPANT” MEANS ANY PERSON, WHETHER AMATEUR OR PROFESSIONAL, WHO ENGAGES IN AN EQUINE ACTIVITY, WHETHER OR NOT A FEE IS PAID TO PARTICIPATE IN THE EQUINE ACTIVITY.
S 18303. LIABILITY OF PERSONS INVOLVED IN EQUINE ACTIVITIES. 1. NOTHING IN SECTION 18304 OF THIS ARTICLE SHALL PREVENT OR LIMIT THE LIABILITY OF AN EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR OR AN EQUINE PROFESSIONAL, IF THE EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR OR EQUINE PROFESSIONAL:
(A) PROVIDED EQUIPMENT OR TACK, KNEW OR SHOULD HAVE KNOWN THAT SUCH EQUIPMENT OR TACK WAS FAULTY, AND THE EQUIPMENT OR TACK WAS FAULTY TO THE EXTENT THAT IT CAUSED THE INJURY;
(B) PROVIDED THE EQUINE AND FAILED TO MAKE REASONABLE AND PRUDENT EFFORTS TO DETERMINE THE ABILITY OF THE PARTICIPANT TO ENGAGE SAFELY IN THE EQUINE ACTIVITY, AND DETERMINE THE ABILITY OF THE PARTICIPANT TO SAFELY MANAGE THE PARTICULAR EQUINE BASED ON THE PARTICIPANT’S REPRESEN TATIONS OF HIS OR HER ABILITY;
(C) OWNS, LEASES, RENTS, HAS AUTHORIZED USE OF OR IS OTHERWISE IN LAWFUL POSSESSION AND CONTROL OF THE LAND OR FACILITIES UPON WHICH THE PARTICIPANT SUSTAINED INJURIES BECAUSE OF A DANGEROUS LATENT CONDITION WHICH WAS KNOWN OR SHOULD HAVE BEEN KNOWN TO THE EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR OR EQUINE PROFESSIONAL, AND FOR WHICH WARNING SIGNS, PURSUANT TO SECTION 18305 OF THIS ARTICLE, HAVE NOT BEEN CONSPICUOUSLY POSTED;
(D) COMMITS AN ACT OF OMISSION THAT CONSTITUTES WILLFUL OR WANTON DISREGARD FOR THE SAFETY OF THE PARTICIPANT, AND THAT ACT OF OMISSION CAUSED THE INJURY; OR
(E) INTENTIONALLY INJURES THE PARTICIPANT.
2. THIS SECTION SHALL NOT APPLY TO THE HORSE RACING ACTIVITY AUTHOR IZED PURSUANT TO ARTICLE TWO, THREE OR FOUR OF THE RACING, PARIMUTUEL WAGERING AND BREEDING LAW.
S 18304. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. 1. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVI SION TWO OF SECTION 18303 OF THIS ARTICLE, AN EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR, AN EQUINE PROFESSIONAL OR ANY OTHER PERSON, WHICH SHALL INCLUDE A CORPO RATION, LIMITED LIABILITY COMPANY OR PARTNERSHIP, SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR AN INJURY TO OR THE DEATH OF A PARTICIPANT RESULTING FROM THE INHER ENT RISKS OF EQUINE ACTIVITIES AND, EXCEPT AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION TWO OF SECTION 18303 OF THIS ARTICLE, NO PARTICIPANT NOR PARTICIPANT’S REPRESENTATIVE SHALL MAKE ANY CLAIM AGAINST, MAINTAIN AN ACTION AGAINST, OR RECOVER FROM AN EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR, AN EQUINE PROFESSIONAL OR ANY OTHER PERSON FOR INJURY, LOSS, DAMAGE OR DEATH OF THE PARTICIPANT RESULTING FROM ANY OF THE INHERENT RISKS OF EQUINE ACTIVITIES.
2. NOTHING IN THIS ARTICLE SHALL LIMIT THE APPLICATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF SECTION 9103 OF THIS CHAPTER.
S 18305. POSTING AND NOTIFICATION.
1. EVERY EQUINE PROFESSIONAL SHALL POST AND MAINTAIN SIGNS WHICH CONTAIN THE WARNING NOTICE SPECIFIED IN SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION. SUCH SIGNS SHALL BE PLACED IN A CLEARLY VISIBLE LOCATION IN THE PROXIMITY OF THE EQUINE ACTIVITY. THE WARNING NOTICE SPECIFIED IN SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION SHALL APPEAR ON THE SIGN IN BLACK LETTERS, WITH EACH LETTER TO BE A MINIMUM OF ONE INCH IN HEIGHT. EVERY WRITTEN CONTRACT ENTERED INTO BY AN EQUINE PROFES SIONAL FOR THE PROVISION OF PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, INSTRUCTION OR THE RENTAL OF EQUIPMENT OR TACK OR AN EQUINE TO A PARTICIPANT, WHETHER OR NOT THE CONTRACT INVOLVES EQUINE ACTIVITIES ON OR OFF THE LOCATION OR SITE OF THE EQUINE PROFESSIONAL’S BUSINESS, SHALL CONTAIN, IN CLEARLY READABLE PRINT, THE WARNING NOTICE SPECIFIED IN SUBDIVISION TWO OF THIS SECTION.
2. THE SIGNS AND CONTRACTS DESCRIBED IN SUBDIVISION ONE OF THIS SECTION SHALL CONTAIN THE FOLLOWING WARNING NOTICE:

WARNING
UNDER NEW YORK LAW, AN EQUINE PROFESSIONAL OR EQUINE ACTIVITY SPONSOR IS NOT LIABLE FOR AN INJURY TO OR THE DEATH OF A PARTICIPANT IN EQUINE ACTIVITIES RESULTING FROM THE INHERENT RISKS OF EQUINE ACTIVITIES, PURSUANT TO SECTION 18304 OF THE GENERAL OBLIGATIONS LAW.